1. Introduction :
1.1 Historical Background of the Zone :
The present Jimma Administrative zone resumes its historical origin more or less from the then growing small states of the Gibe basin formed at the late 16th and early 17th century .The five main states formed during those times along this basin were Limmu Enariya ,Jimma ,Gomma ,Gumay and Gera states .
The establishment of these states had been possible by the day’s activities such as
Growing and expanding sedentary type of agricultural transformation.
The growing capacity of local industries and
Important local and long distance trade that flourished in the region